It’s really obvious that bus use especially almost always involves some walking. Cycling too, but less so in terms of absolute numbers, can involve public transport use, not least for longer journeys – especially those made by train. It’s taken a while but there is a now a seam of peer reviewed literature which documents the health benefits of public transport use through active travel. See http://www.travelwest.info/evidence No 28. There are also social benefits including enhanced wellbeing (see No 91) arising from public transport use.
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